PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SENYAWA ANTIOKSIDAN SEBELUM SIMPAN TERHADAP UMUR SIMPAN BENIH KAPAS (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Halimursyadah Halimursyadah

Abstract


The effect of antioxidants  as pre-storage treatment to expand the cotton seed storage period

 

Halimursyadah1 dan Endang Murniati2

 

1Fakultas Pertanian Unsyiah, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

2Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor,Bogor

 

ABSTRACT

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seeds ‘Kanesia 8’ were treated with antioxidants to maintain viability and vigor during ageing.  Antioxidants which were used are α-tocopherol and extract of red fruit) dissolved in acetone, ascorbic acid dissolved in water also.   Seeds were stored at 70-80% relative humidity and 28-29ºC for 12 weeks.  Periodically, viability and vigor were determined.  Seed viability and vigor were estimated by percentage germination, speed of germination, T50, and Index of vigor.  Seeds treated with α-tocopherol 150 ppm showed the highest viability and vigor during the ageing period, while ascorbic acid 300 ppm also retarded the rate of ageing.  Treating seeds with red fruits showed the highest of T50.  The ability of α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid and red fruit to reduce viability and vigor loss of stored cotton seeds may be due to their ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation.     

 


Keywords


cotton; α-tocopherol; ascorbic acid; red fruit; ageing; viability and vigor

Full Text:

PDF

References


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

BALITTAS, 2004. Deskripsi Benih Pokok Kapas, Malang, Jawa Timur, 1 hlm

Bailly, C., A. Benamar, F. Corbineau, and D. Come. 2000. Antioxidant system in sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) seeds as affected by priming. Seed Sci. Res. 10(1): 35 - 42

Budiarti, T. 1999. Konservasi Vigor Benih Rekalsitran Kakao (Theobroma cacao L.) dengan Penurunan Kadar Air dan Proses Invigorasinya. Disertasi. IPB. Bogor. hal 26-29

Copeland, L. O and M. B. Mc Donald. 1995. Principle of Seed Science and Technology. Third Edition. Chapman and Hall. New York. 400 p.

El-Zawahry, A. M. and A.M. Hamada. 1994. The Effect of soaking seeds in ascorbic acid, pyridoxine or thiamine solutions on nematode (Meloidogyne javanica) infection and on some metabolic processes in egg plant. Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 25 No. 3. 233-248 p.

Gorecki, R. J. and G. E. Harman. 1987. Effect of antioxidants on viability and vigour of ageing pea seeds. Seeds Science.& Technology, 15. 109 – 117 p.

Justice OL, LN Bass. 1990. Prinsip dan Praktek Penyimpanan Benih. Renny R, penerjemah. Jakarta : Raja Grafindo Persada - Castle House. Terjemahan dari Principles and Practices of Seed Storage. 189 hlm.

Khan AA. 1992. Preplant Physiological Seed Conditioning. In J.Janick. Horticulture review. New York : Wiley and Sons. p 131-181.

Muchtadi, D. 2000. Sumber Serat dan Antioksidan: Mencegah Penyakit Degeneratif. Skripsi Jurusan Teknologi Pangan dan Gizi Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Office of Gene Tecnology Regulator, 2002. The biology and ecology of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) in Australia.

Priestley, D. A. 1986. Seed Aging Implication for Seed Storage and Persistence in The Soil. Comstock Publishing Associates. Ithaca dan London. 304 p

Roberts EH. 1972. Cytology, Genetical and Metabolic Changes Associated with Loss of Viability. In E. H. Roberts (ed.). Viability of Seed, Chadman and Hall Ltd. London : New Foster Land. p : 253 – 306.

Sadjad, S. 1993. Dari Benih Kepada Benih. Jakarta : Grasindo. 143 hlm.

Sadjad, S. 1994. Kuantifikasi Metabolisme Benih. Jakarta : Gramedia. 145 hlm.

Suherman, V. E. 2005. Penggunaan Antioksidan Pada Beberapa Lot Benih yang Berbeda Vigornya Untuk Meningkatkan Viabilitas Benih Bunga Matahari (Hellianthus annus L.) Thesis. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Sumartini, S. dan Hasnam. 2001. Teknik Produksi Benih Kapas Bersertifikat. Kapas I. Balai Penelitian Tembakau dan Tanaman Serat. Malang.

Trubus, 2005. Bukti Ilmiah Buah Merah. Edisi April. 425: XXXVI. hal 11-28

Woodstock, L. W., S. Maxon, K. Fraust and L. N. Bass. 1983. Use of freeze-drying and acetone impregnation with natural and synthetic antioxidants to improve storabilityof onion, pepper and parsley seed. J. Amer. Soc.Hort. Sci. 108: 692 - 696

Yullianida. 2004. Pengaruh Antioksidan sebagai Perlakuan Invigorasi Benih Sebelum Simpan terhadap Daya Simpan Bunga Matahari (Hellianthus annus L.). Skripsi. Departemen Budidaya Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor. 40 hlm


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments


ISSN / E-ISSN1907-2686 / 2597-9108
Copyright © 2018 Program Studi Agroteknologi
Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala.