Bone Montete Inda Posala-Sala: Kesetaraan di Hadapan Hukum Pada Kesultanan Buton

Muh. Afif Mahfud, Erlyn Indarti, Sukirno Sukirno

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan pengaruh ajaran Islam dan pemisahan kekuasaan pada perumusan prinsip bone montete inda posala-sala. Penegakan hukum di Kesultanan Buton didasarkan pada prinsip kesetaraan di hadapan hukum yang disebut bone montete inda posala-sala. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian yuridis normatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan konseptual dan pendekatan historis serta menggu-nakan data sekunder, yaitu bahan hukum primer dan bahan hukum sekunder. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa asas bone montete yinda posala-sala pada Kesultanan Buton dipengaruhi oleh ajaran Islam. Ini tampak dari ilmu tasawuf yang mendasari perumusan asas tersebut. Pemisahan kekuasaan di Kerajaan Buton turut mendukung implementasi asas bone montete yinda posala-sala. Fungsi peradilan yang dilaksanakan oleh sultan sebagai lembaga eksekutif diawasi Siolimbona sebagai lembaga legislatif. Direkomendasikan bahwa pemerintah mengadopsi nilai-nilai lokal dalam perumusan asas kesetaraan di hadapan hukum dan intensif mengkaji nilai-nilai lokal yang dapat berkontribusi dalam pengembangan hukum nasional.

 Bone Montete Inda Posala-Sala: Equality Before the Law in Buton Sultanate

 

This research aims to describe the influence of Islamic teachings and the separation of powers in formulating the principle of “bone montete inda posala-sala”. Law enforcement in Butonese Sultanate is based on the equality before the law principle named “bone montete inda posala-sala”. This research apply normative juridical method by using conceptual and historical research based on secondary data namely primary and secondary legal materials. The results indicates that the principle of bone montete yinda posala-sala is influenced by Islamic teachings. This can be seen from the sufism that underlies the formulation of the principle. The separation of powers also supported the implementation of the principle. Judicial function under Sultan as an excecutive is supervised by Siolimbona as an legislative agency. It is recommended that the government should adopts local wisdoms in the formulation of the principle and intensively studies local values that can contribute to the development of national law.


Keywords


kesetaraan; hukum; kesultanan buton; equality; law; buton sultanate.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Buku-buku

Menski, W. (2006). Comparative Law in Global Context: The Legal Sistem of Asia and Africa. Second Edition. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Zahari, A. M. (2017). Islam di Buton, Sejarah dan Perkembangannya. Baubau: CV Dia dan Aku.

Zuhdi, S. (2018). Sejarah Buton Yang Terabaikan: Labu Wana, Labu Rope. Jakarta: Wedatama Widya Sastra.

Jurnal

Abdullah, M. (2019). Manuskrip Keagamaan dan Islamisasi di Buton Abad 14-19. Sari, 25 (1), 98-111.

Anhang, G. (1990). Separation of Powers and The Rule Of Law: On The Role of Judicial Restraint In Securing The Blessing of Liberty. Akron Law Review, 24 (2), 212.

Angrayni, L. (2015). Hukum Pidana Dalam Perspektif Islam dan Perbandingannya dengan Hukum Pidana di Indonesia. Hukum Islam, 15 (1), 53.

Apurines, M. I., et.al. (2018). Praktik Pemerintahan Pada Kesultanan Buton Tahun 1540-1960 Masehi. Jurnal TAPIs, 14 (2), 39.

Barber, N.W. (2001). Prelude To The Separation of Powers. Cambridge Law Journal, 68 (1).

Casper, G. (2006). An Essay In Separation of Powers: Some Early Versions and Practices. William And Mary Law Review, 30 (2), 213.

Chandrenegara, I. S. (2016). Architecture of Indonesia’s Checks and Balances. Constitutional Review, 2 (2).

Claus. L. (2005). Montesquieu’s Mistake and The True Meaning of Separation. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 25 (3), 426.

Faslia. (2013). Kearifan Lokal Buton dalam Pendidikan Anak (Falsafah Binci-Binciki Kuli Dan Aplikasinya Pada Anak di Kota Baubau). Jurnal Pepatuzdu, 6 (1), 86.

Fattah, D. (2011). Implementasi Nilai Keadilan dalam Kajian Hukum Islam. Al Manahij,5 (2), 136.

Gough, H. (1992). France and The Memory of Revolution: 1789-1989. History of European Ideas, 15 (4), 814.

Jahroh. S. (2011). Reaktualisasi Teori Hukuman Dalam Hukum Pidana Islam. Jurnal Hukum Islam, 9 (2), 97.

Jenkins, D. (2011). The Lockean Constitution: Separation Of Powers and The Limits of Pregorative. Mc Gill Law Journal, 56 (3), 545.

Johnson, E. (2009). Equality Before the Law and the Social Contract: When Will the United States Finally Guarantee Its People the Equality Before the Law that the Social Contract Demands?. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 37 (1), 84.

Kadir, A., et.al. (2018). Philosophy of Poromu Yinda Saangu, Pogaa Yinda Kolota, Management of Government System of Buton Sultanate. IOP Confrence Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2, 6.

Kelley, D. R. (2002). What Pleases The Prince: Justinian, Napoleon and The Lawyers. History of Political Thought, 23 (2), 290.

Kleinfeld, R. (2005). Competing Definitions of The Rule of Law: Implications for Practitioners. Carnegie Papers. 1, 45.

Mahrudin. (2014). Kontribusi Falsafah Pobinci-Binciki Kuli Masyarakat Islam Buton bagi Dakwah Islam untuk Membangun Karakter Generasi Muda Indonesia. Jurnal Dakwah, 15 (2), 352.

Manning, J. F. (1939). Separation of Powers As Ordinary Interpretation. Harvard Law Review, 124, 213.

Mansur, F. A. (2007). Onina Manga Mancuana Mangenge: Cultural Values of Wolio People That Never Fade (A Study of Anthropological Linguoistics). International Seminar Prasasti: Current Research In Linguistics, 2007, 329.

Marzuki, M. L. (2010). Konstitusi dan Konstitusionalisme. Jurnal Konstitusi, 7 (4), 1-15.

Melamba, B. & Hafsah, W. O. S. (2014). Ijtihad Sulta Muhammad Idrus Kaimuddin Ibnu Badaruddin Al Buthuni (1824-1851): Akulturasi Islam dengan Budaya di Kesultanan Buton. el Harakah, 16 (1), 22-32.

Miguel, A. R. (1997). Equality Before The Law And Precedent. Ratio Juris, 10 (4), 373.

Munzhedzi, P. H. (2017). The Role of Separation of Powers in Ensuring Public Accountability in South Africa: Policy Versus Practice. The 2nd Annual International Conference on Public Administration and Development Alternatives, 2, 4.

Niampe, L. (2011). Unsur Tasawuf dalam Naskah Undang-Undang Buton. Jurnal Al Fikr, 15 (3), 499.

Peribadi et.al. (2016). Reflection on Local Democracy In Community Development. International Journal of Development Research, 6 (1), 6581.

Porta, R. L., et.al. (2004). Judicial Check and Balances. Journal of Political Economy, 112 (2) 447.

Purwanto, M. R. (2016). Acculturation Among Local Wisdom, Law and Sufism in Forming Martabat Tujuh Enactment of Buton Sultanate. International Journal of Humanities and Management Sciences (IJHMS), 4 (3), 288.

Purwanto, M. R. (2017). Sistem Pemerintahan Islam dan Undang-Undang Kesultanan Buton di Sulawesi Tenggara. Al Islamiyah, 5 (2), 25-35.

Rosdin, A. (2014). Buton, Islamization and Its Manuscripts Tradition. International Journal of Nusantara Islam, 2 (2), 93-103.

Sere, I. (2016). The Values of Islamic Education on the Marriage of Wabula-Buton Society East Sulawesi. Medwell Journals, 11 (3), 6509.

Sonata, D. L. (2014). Metode Penelitian Hukum Normatif dan Empiris: Karakteristik Khas dari Metode Meneliti Hukum. Fiat Justitia Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 8 (1), 25.

Tamanaha, B. Z. (2012). The History and Elements Of The Rule Of Law. Singapore Journal of Legal Studies, 22, 232.

Sularno. (2012). Membumikan Hukum Pidana Islam di Indonesia (Agenda dan Kendala). Al Mawarid, 12 (1), 22.

Sunarto. (2016). Prinsip Check and Balances dalam Sistem Ketatanegaraan Indonesia. Masalah-Masalah Hukum, 45 (2), 157.

Suryadi. (2007). Surat-Surat Sultan Buton, Dayyan Asraruddin, dan Kaimuddin I, Koleksi Universiteitsbibliotheek Leiden, Belanda. Jurnal Humaniora, 3 (1), 287-297.

Waldron, J. (2004). Separation Of Powers In Thought And Practice? Boston College Review, 54, 453.

Whitman, J. Q. (2009). Equality In Criminal Law: The Two Divergent Western Roads. Winter 1 (1), 134.

Yamaguchi, H. K. (2007). Manuskrip Buton: Keistimewaan dan Nilai Budaya. Sari, 25 (1), 46.

Hasil Penelitian

Baso, A. M. (1983). Hasil Penelitian Lembaga Peradilan Pada Masa Kesultanan. Baubau: Pengadilan Agama Kabupaten Buton.

Danjoux, O. (2002). L Etat C’Est Pas Moi: Reframing Citizenships in Baltic Republics. Dissertation. Lund University.

Sofyan, Y. M. (2010). Kekuasaan Jawa: Studi Komparatif Sistem Kekuasaan Kerajaan Majapahit dan Demak. Jakarta: Universitas Hidayatullah.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/kanun.v21i3.13850

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




KANUN : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum

 

ISSN (Print): 0854 – 5499

ISSN (Online): 2527 – 8428

 

Published by: 

Redaksi Kanun: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum

Fakultas Hukum Universitas Syiah Kuala

Jl. Putroe Phang No. 1, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111

Telp. (0651) 7552295; Faks. (0651) 7552295

E-mail: kanun.jih@unsyiah.ac.id

Website: http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/kanun

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.