Responsibility to Protect sebagai Doktrin atau Norma yang Berkembang dalam Hukum Internasional

Lili Husni Putri

Abstract


ABSTRAK: Tanggung jawab untuk melindungi merupakan norma yang muncul dari hukum internasional yang bertujuan untuk menyediakan sarana bagi masyarakat internasional untuk mencegah kejahatan kekejaman massal yang terjadi dalam batas-batas negara yang berdaulat. Meskipun memiliki asal-usul langsung dalam upaya untuk mereklasifikasi gagasan kedaulatan, dan pergeseran itu semata-mata sebagai hak untuk termasuk tanggung jawab, sumber sebenarnya adalah Konvensi Den Haag 1899 dan Marten Clause. Ada optimisme yang luar biasa di tahun-tahun setelah adopsi oleh Komisi Internasional tentang intervensi dan kedaulatan negara pada tahun 2001 dan ketika itu diadopsi dengan suara bulat sebagai bagian dari dokumen Hasil World Summit tahun 2005. Artikel ini mencoba untuk mengeksplorasi pengembangan tanggung jawab untuk melindungi, bahasa yang bereda digunakan untuk menggambarkan tanggung jawab untuk melindungi dan implikasinya.

 

Responsibility to Protect as A Doctrine or Emerging Norm in International Law

 

ABSTRACT: Responsibility to protect is an emerging norm of international law that seeks to provide a means for the international community to prevent mass atrocity crimes occurring within the boundaries of a sovereign state. While it has its direct origins in attempts to reclassify the notion of sovereignty, and shift it away solely as right to include responsibilities, its real source is the Hague Convention 1899 and its Marten Clause. There was tremendous optimism in the years after its adoption by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) in 2001 and when it was adopted unanimously as part of the World Summit Outcome document in 2005. This article attempts to explore the development of responsibility to protect, the different language is used to describe responsibility to protect and its implications for responsibility to protect and the implementation of responsibility to protect.

Keywords


tanggung jawab untuk melindungi; kedaulatan; intervensi kemanusiaan; pelanggaran ham berat; responsibility to protect; state sovereignty; humanitarian intervention; gross violation of human rights

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References


Alex J. Bellamy, 2009, Responsibility to Protect: The Global Effort to End Mass Atrocities, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Atip Latifulhayat, “Perang Irak dan Hukum Internasional”, UNPAD Journal of International Law, Vol. 3 No. 1, April 2004.

Convention With Respect the Laws and Customs of War on Land (Hague II) 1899.

Human Rights Council Resolution 15/1, Situation of Human Rights in the Libyan Arab Jamhariya, 15th Spec. Sess., U.N. Doc. A/HRC/RES/S-15/1 (2011).

J.L. Holzgrefe, 2003, The Humanitarian Intervention Debate, dalam Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas (J.L. Holzgrefe dan Robert O. Keohane), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Security Council Resolution 1973, U.N. Doc. S/RES/1973 (2011).

Laporan

Implementing Responsibility to Protect, U.N. Doc. A/63/677 (2009).

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS), The Responsibility to Protect: Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Responsibility (2001).

Responsibility to Protect: Timely and Decisive Response, U.N. Doc. A/66/874-S/2012/578 (2012)

Internet

“Libya Security Forces Kill 84 Over Three Days”, Human Rights Watch, http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/02/18/libya-security-forces-kill-84-over-three-days.

Treaty of Westphalia, The Avalon Project, http://avalon.law.yale.edu/17th.century/westphal.asp.


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KANUN : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum

 

ISSN (Print): 0854 – 5499

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