Designing an Arduino Board-based Electronic Device Driven by GRBL Gru to Operate the Mini PCB Printing Machine

Nugroho Adi Wicaksono, Arief Goeritno


A compact integrated circuit is an intellectual property core at the heart of the decades of embedded devices on embedded systems. Using a microcontroller-based electronic module manufactured as desired or direct service of the board of Arduino as a control system for many purposes has become a certainty. Defining the problem formulations is related to the manufacture, assembly of the mechanical apparatus, and integrated wiring of several electronic modules. The acquisition of research contributions is expected to get the miniature embodiment of the physical machine equipped with a user program and perform the machine driver. The research methods consist of several steps to carry out each research objective. The miniature embodiment is carried out through (i) manufacturing and assembling to obtain the physical machine, (ii) integrating the electronic modules and all components and support systems by wiring to form an embedded system as a mini-PCB printing machine, and (iii) making a program structure based on Arduino IDE. Performing the machine driving mechanism is operating tests of calibration and moving on the axes of X, Y, and Z. Concluding based on the implementation process, testing, and analysis are carried out that the stages for performing the Mini PCB Printing Machine assisted by Arduino board with driven by GRBL Gru can be realized according to the initial design of hardware and software design.


Arduino Board; CNC Shield-GRBL Software; Electronic Device; Mini PCB Printing Machine

Full Text:



P. Gargini, “The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS): Past, present, and future,” in Proc. Annual IEEE Symposium on GaAs IC, Seattle, WA, USA, 2000, pp. 3-5.

H. Blume Jr., J. Ekis, Y. Feng, B. Kline, H. Raphael, and D. Stamm. (2008, July 30). Oral History Panel on the Development and Promotion of the Intel 8048 Microcontroller. CHM Reference number: X4969.2009, Moderated by D. Law. Computer History Museum. Mountain View, CA. [Online] Available:

IEEE Spectrum, “Chip Hall of Fame: Microchip Technology PIC 16C84 Microcontroller: Adding easily reprogrammable onboard memory to store software revolutionized microcontroller,” History of Technology, June 30, 2017.

B. Hoefflinger, “ITRS: The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors,” CHIPS 2020, B. Hoefflinger (ed.), The Frontiers Collection, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012, pp. 161–174, https://doi.or/10.1007/978-3-642-23096-7_7

S.K. Saha, Compact Models for Integrated Circuit Design: Conventional Transistors and Beyond. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2017.

S. Bhunia, and M. Tehranipoor, “A Quick Overview of Electronic Hardware,” Hardware Security, pp. 23–45, 2019,

R. Zuo, Z. Wang, and L. Auwerter, “Publisher’s Note: Chips — A New Open Access Journal on Integrated Circuit,” Chips, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 1, 2022, or

A.N. Saxena, “Monolithic concept and the inventions of integrated circuits by Kilby and Noyce,” in Technical Proceedings of NSTI Nanotech, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, May 20-24, 2007, vol. 3, pp. 460-474.

G. Freeman, “Who Invented the Integrated Circuit?” IEEE Pikes Peak Region Life Member, May 2020,

L. Tan, and J. Jiang, “Hardware and Software for Digital Signal Processors,” Digital Signal Processing, pp. 727–784, 2019,

M. Rathor, and A. Sengupta, “Enhanced Functional Obfuscation of DSP core using Flip-Flops and Combinational logic,” in Proc. IEEE 9th ICCE, Berlin, Germany, 2019, pp. 7-11.

A.A. Pirogov, V.V. Glotov, Yu.A. Pirogova, S.A. Gvozdenko, and A.V. Bashkirov, “The development of dynamically reconfigurable devices of digital signal processing based on field programmable gate array,” in the AIP Conference Proceedings 2313, 2020, pp. 070022.1-070022.6.

M. Kardonik, “DSP Operating Systems,” DSP for Embedded and Real-Time Systems, pp. 291–333, 2012,

D. Mazzei, G. Montelisciani, G. Baldi, and G. Fantoni, “Changing the programming paradigm for the embedded in the IoT domain,” in Proc. 2015 IEEE 2nd WF-IoT, Milan, Italy, 2015 (December 14-16), pp. 239–244.

J. Polaczek, and J. Sosnowski, “Exploring the software repositories of embedded systems: An industrial experience,” Information and Software Technology, 131 (2021) 106489, pp. 1-17, 2021,

J-L. Jimenez-Garcia, D. Baselga-Masia, E. Munera, J-L. Poza-Lujan, J-L. Posadas-Yague, and J-E. Simo-Ten,“Smart Device Definition and Application on Embedded System: performance and optimization on a RGBD sensor,” Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1-9, 2014,

M. More, P. Makwana, P. Nakrani, S, Kele, and P. Shete, “Design and manufacturing of a PCB cutting machine,” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 1535-1542, June 2020,

R. Choudhary, Sambhav, S.D. Titus, P. Akshaya, J.A. Mathew, and N. Balaji, “CNC PCB milling and wood engraving machine,” in 2017 International Conference on SmartTechCon, Bengaluru, India, 2017, pp. 1301–1306.

M.T. Shahid, M.A. Khan, and M.Z. Khan, “Design and Development of a Computer Numeric Controlled 3D Printer, Laser Cutter and 2D Plotter all in one machine,” in Proc. 16th IBCAST, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2019, pp. 569–575.

Y. Guven, E. Cosgun, S. Kocaoglu, H. Gezici, and E. Yismazlar, “Understanding the Concept of Microcontroller Based Systems to Choose the Best Hardware for Applications,” Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering and Science, vol. 7, issue 9, pp. 38-44, September 2017,

S. Guvercin, R. Suliyev, and G. Tolebi, “Design of automatic engraving machine controlled via computer,” in Proc. 2015 12th ICECCO, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 2015 (Sept. 27-30), pp. 1–3,

V.W.C. Fung, and K.C. Yung, “An intelligent approach for improving printed circuit board assembly process performance in smart manufacturing,” International Journal of Engineering Business Management, vol. 12, pp. 1-12, 2020, or

A. Goeritno, J. Irawan, and Sopyandi, “Segmentation of Load Groups on a Single Phase kWh-meter Using the Payload Data Handling System,” International Journal of Advanced Research (IJAR), vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 415-426, 2018,

A. Goeritno, and M.Y. Afandi, “Designing a Security System Based-on Microcontroller Integrated into the Immobilizer System,” International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 1-11, 2019,

A. Goeritno, I. Setyawibawa, and D. Suhartono, “Designing a microcontroller-based half duplex interface device drove by the touch-tone signal," J. INFOTEL, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 205-215, November 2021.

A. Goeritno, and I. Setyawibawa, “An Electronic Device Reviewed by Diagnosing on the Module Embodiment,” International Journal of Electronics, Communications, and Systems, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 41-55, 2021.

T. Richta, V. Janoušek, and R. Kočí, “Dynamic Software Architecture for Distributed Embedded Control Systems,” in Proc. PNSE'15, including ADECS 2015, D. Moldt; H. Rölke; and H. Störrle, (eds), Brussels, Belgium, 2015 (June), pp. 133-150.

Q.P. Minh, H.L. Vinh, Phuoc, M.H. Dao, A.N. Truong, T.P. Hai, Nam, L.W.Y. Liu, “Milling Microwave Printed Circuit Boards with Inconsistent Flatness with Safety Function,” International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 327-331, March 2020,

S.S. Sarguro, and A.B. Rane, “Using GRBL-Arduino-based controller to run a two-axis computerized numerical control machine,” in Proc. 2018 ICSCET, Mumbai, India, 2018 (January 5), pp. 1–6.

J. Yang, J.R.R. Mayer, and Y. Altintas, “A position independent geometric errors identification and correction method for five-axis serial machines based on screw theory,” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, vol. 95, pp. 52–66, 2015,

M. Birkholz, A. Mai, C. Wenger, C. Meliani, and R. Scholz, “Technology modules from micro- and nano-electronics for the life sciences,” Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 355–377, May/June 2016,

R. K. Megalingam, S.R.R. Vadivel, S. Sreekumar, S. Sekhar, T.R. Nair, and R.R. Midhun, “Design and Implementation of CNC Milling Bot for Milled Circuit Board Fabrication,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 7, no. 3.12, pp. 1205-1209, 2018,

M. Alim, S. Goundar, A. Shamim, M. Pillai, R. Singh, K.A. Mamun, P. Chand, and U. Mehta, “Automatic PCB drilling machine,” in Proc. 2015 2nd APWC on CSE, Nadi, Fiji, 2015 (Dec. 2-4), pp. 1-6.

B. Massimo, and M. Shiloh, “The Arduino Platform,” Getting Started with Arduino, 3rd ed. Sebastopol, CA: Maker Media, 2015, pp. 15-22,

S. Bhunia, and M. Tehranipoor, “Printed Circuit Board: Design and Test,” Hardware Security, pp. 81–105, 2019,

C. Yang, “Machine Learning and Computer Vision for PCB Verification,” in Degree Project in Technology, the Elect. Eng. & Comp. Sci., KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 2020,

V. Jagadeesan, and V. Subramaniam, “Development of an Automated Nebulizer Spray Pyrolysis System and Its Application in the P-N junction Diode Fabrication,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1921 (2021) 012009, pp. 1-12, 2021, https://10.1088/1742-6596/1921/1/012009.

L. Grandguillaume, S. Lavernhe, and C. Tournier, “A tool path patching strategy around singular point in 5-axis ball-end milling,” International Journal of Production Research, vol. 54, no. 24, pp. 7480–7490, 2016,

P.D. An, and N.N. Minh, “Automatic Scanning Racks for 3D Handheld Scanner Applied in Wood Art Products,” in Proc. AMAS2021, Part of Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering Series, Springer, Cham. K. Ishizaki, H.S. Kim, H-Y. Kim, B.T. Long, I.A. Parinov, and N.D. Toan (eds.), Ha Long, Vietnam, 2021 (November 4-7), pp. 310-315.

T. Aven, “Improving the foundation and practice of reliability engineering,” in Journal of Risk and Reliability, vol. 231, no. 3, pp. 295–305, 2017,

A. Goeritno, D. Nurmansyah, and Maswan, “Safety Instrumented Systems to Investigate the System of Instrumentation and Process Control on the Steam Purification System,” International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 609-616, October 2020.

A. Goeritno, I. Nugraha, S. Rasiman, and A. Johan, “Injection Current into the Power Transformer as an Internal Fault Phenomena for Measuring the Differential Relay Performance,” Instrumentation Mesure Métrologie., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 443-451, December 2020.

M.N. Prayudyanto, A. Goeritno, S.H.A. Ikhsan, F.M.L. Taqwa, “Designing a model of the early warning system on the road curvature to prevent the traffic accidents,” International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 291-298, 2022.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats


Creative Commons License

Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika (JRE) is published under license of Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.